Scheurebe is a crossing of Riesling and Bukettrebe (until 2012 thought to be Silvaner), that is well established in several German wine regions. It is one of the popular aromatic varieties.
bred by Georg Scheu
hectares planted vinyard area 2022
The Scheurebe - a crossing between the Riesling and the Bukettrebe - is almost as demanding as the Riesling in terms of location. It tolerates reasonably dry, poor soils and copes well with loess and calcareous soils. Its wood ripens for a long time, the long assimilation of the foliage allows for high-grade grapes. Grape ripeness is reached shortly before Riesling, acid degradation in the medium-sized berries begins relatively late. The variety is endangered by winter frosts as well as by Botrytis and Oidium infestation.
The cultivation gained recognition in the 1950s when it was possible to produce Beerenauslese and Trockenbeerenauslese from the Scheurebe. Bred in Alzey, Rheinhessen, the variety was mainly planted by the winegrowers of Germany's largest winegrowing region. With 4.4 percent, it reached its largest share of planted vineyard area in 1985. Of around 1,483 hectares of vineyards planted with Scheurebe in 2022, 733 hectares are in Rheinhessen, around 332 in the Palatinate, 203 in Franconia and 102 hectares in the Nahe. Scheurebe currently accounts for 1.4 per cent of the German vineyard area.
Vinification and taste
The different vinification styles and quality levels make it possible to use Scheurewein wines in a variety of ways. The light Kabinett wine is ideal for social gatherings, dry to semi-dry Spätlese wines are recommended as accompaniments to aromatic and spicy ragouts of fish and poultry, especially for Asian cuisine, while noble sweet Spätlese wines and Auslese wines go well with fruity desserts.
Wines from the Scheurebe are often offered as Prädikatswein, whereby the flavours "sweet" and "mellow" are more important than with other grape varieties. Depending on the quality, the colour is pale yellow, straw yellow or intense golden yellow. Delicate Kabinett wines and medium-bodied Spätlese wines are characterised by an accentuated varietal bouquet and a harmonious combination of stimulating acidity and fine fruity sweetness. The accentuated bouquet is mostly reminiscent of blackcurrants (cassis), more rarely of mango, tangerines, limes, peaches or very ripe pears. The noble sweet varieties are characterised by a long shelf life and show an impressive peach aroma or rose fragrance after many years.
During the First World War in 1916, the vine breeder Georg Scheu succeeded in breeding a convincing new variety, the Scheurebe, at what was then the Landesanstalt für Rebenzüchtung in Alzey. For a long time, Silvaner was considered to be the crossing partner alongside Riesling, but DNA analyses in 2012 identified the Bukettrebe as the parent variety. Before the breeder's merit was immortalised in the variety name, it was known as "Dr.-Wagner-Rebe" until the end of 1945 and then as "Sämling 88".
At a glance
- Crossing of Riesling x Bukettrebe (=crossing of Silvaner x Trollinger, 1864 in Randersacker)
- Until 2012, it was assumed that it was a cross between Riesling and Silvaner.
- Late ripening, tolerates dry, poor soils
- Aroma: usually reminiscent of blackcurrants, exotic fruits or very ripe pears
What was the original name of the Scheurebe supposed to be?
Originally, it was to be called "Scheus Liebling", but in the Rhine-Hessian dialect this risked becoming "Scheis Liebling". So the decision was made to go with Scheurebe, a more elegant solution.