The Trollinger grape variety is grown almost exclusively in Württemberg and is characterised by its vigorous growth and high yields.
planted vineyard area in 2022
Cultivation and significance
The Trollinger grape variety, which is mainly native to Württemberg, is a variety of Vernatsch (Grossvernatsch) and is characterised by its vigorous growth and high yields. Trollinger vines feel most at home on warm soils, especially on Keuper or shell limestone formations. The late ripening period, which is later than that of Riesling, requires a very good location, which should also be as frost-free as possible. Trollinger is a high-yielding variety with yields of 100 hl/ha; it can therefore also be planted on poor soils and thrive in extensive vineyards. The must weight usually remains in the quality wine range, with an average of 70 degrees Oechsle. The acidity is unusually high for a red wine at 7 to 10 g/litre. From 1960 to 1995, the German Trollinger area grew by around 1,000 hectares, reaching a spread of around 2,500 hectares. Over the last decade, the area has decreased slightly (2022: 1,940 hectares). In Württemberg, Trollinger (1,908 ha) is the most widely cultivated red wine variety, ahead of Lemberger and Schwarzriesling. There are virtually no Trollinger wines from vineyards outside Württemberg, with only 34 hectares - according to the statistics - not located in Württemberg. The concentration on one of the southernmost German growing regions is mainly due to climatic reasons, as the vine needs a long growing season to ripen. In addition, the wines have developed into a "Swabian national drink".
Vinification and flavour
The cellar masters make most of the wines into fresh, full-bodied and down-to-earth wines. It is a classic, lighter, German drinking wine with a certain residual sweetness. Wines with higher predicates are rare. The light wines do not need to be stored for several years, but are ready to drink the year after the harvest. Their fine floral aroma reveals a delicate muscat tone or a wild cherry flavour. The wines are usually a light red colour in the glass, in good years also ruby red. Weißherbst is also available. Blending with Lemberger is also widespread. The juicy berries are popular as table grapes.
Trollinger is often enjoyed with a hearty snack, but also goes well with a piece of white meat or neutral cream cheese.
At a glance
Late ripening with high yields
Requires a good, preferably frost-free location
Flavour: strawberries, currants, cherries
What is the Trollinger also called?
In South Tyrol, the variety is known as "Vernatsch" (Italian: Schiava).